It can be said that in terms of internet technology, we are doing well. There are various trends of the internet that affect our daily lives. Let us shade light on internet communication technology.
As the next step in the continuous innovation and evolution of the mobile industry, 5G will not only be about a new air interface with faster speeds, but it will also address network congestion, energy efficiency, cost, reliability, and connection to billions of people and devices. In 2014 we heard of new antenna/RF technologies (Massive MIMO, wider bandwidths), proposed deployment of small cells in higher mmWave frequencies, shorter transmission time intervals, reduced latency, and possibly new modulation methods beyond OFDM. With a 2020 commercialization horizon, 2015 be the year when we move from these concepts to technology trials and standards development. And we shall see if/how this year’s ITU World Radio Conference (WRC-15) tackles 5G’s spectrum aspects.
2. FIBER EVERYWHERE
2014 was the year of “fiber everywhere” propelled by efforts to improve connectivity and address demand increases from the use of high definition video, 3G/4G, streaming, podcast and other broadband services. This increased demand exposed existing bottlenecks in the communications infrastructure, and the solution that the doctor prescribed was a fresh new round of investments and activity in fiber (FTTx). In developed markets, FTTH/FTTC dominated deployments, and will continue to do so into 2015. In the backbone network, Carrier Ethernet is well underway and it will continue to make inroads towards 100/400G switching hardware deployments, and around Tb/s of bandwidth.
As much there are parts of the world where people spend most of their time on the internet, there are those who can hardly access. This is why Google came up with the idea of helium balloons so as to get almost two thirds of the world connected to the internet.
Google has unveiled an ambitious project to boost Internet access across much of rural Indonesia using helium balloons.
The California tech giant has partnered with some of Indonesia’s top telecom companies for its Project Loon initiative that aims to improve connectivity in the Southeast Asian nation of 250 million, especially for those scattered across its 17,500 mountainous and jungle-filled islands, USA Today reports. It’s unclear exactly how many balloons are being launched in Indonesia.
At present, only some 29% of Indonesians have access to the web, and most connections are relatively slow, the Guardian reports. And so three Indonesian telecom firms — Telkomsel, Axiata and Inmost — are partnering with Google to try to get the remaining two-thirds of the country online, Mike Cassidy, the vice president of Project Loon, and Sergey Brin, Google’s co-founder, announced Wednesday at Google’s headquarters in Mountain View, Calif.
Information is power and the internet provides loads of it in a matter of seconds. The internet has brought about the era of young billionaires who are good in IT or marketing. This is not happening everywhere. As other countries enjoy affordable and fast internet service others have to pay a lot of money to get bundles and the internet service is poor. This is what brought about the idea of internet.org.
Mark Zuckerberg launched Internet.org in 2013 to bring Internet access to the developing world. Internet.org is a global partnership between Facebook and several telecommunication companies, including Samsung, Ericsson and Qualcomm (QCOM). The initiative has to overcome numerous barriers in order to be successful. For example, many civilians in developing countries can’t afford wireless devices or service plans. Furthermore, the infrastructure necessary for networks and power sources isn’t readily available.
Internet.org has launched as a free-to-use mobile app in a number of developing countries, enabling users to access free basic apps such as Facebook, AccuWeather, and Google Search. The app is currently available in India, Ghana, Colombia, Kenya, Tanzania, Indonesia and Zambia. Internet.org is playing an important role is removing geographic barriers through the expansion of Internet access, further increasing the positive returns of globalization. Workers are no longer discriminated by geographic location and can be compensated their self-worth in a global economy. Facebook and Google (GOOG) are also benefiting from the launch of Internet.org as a better connected global population will lead to more users.